The work in production plants involves many risks that may be caused, among other things, by the type of work performed, exposure to hazardous substances or working with devices and equipment that may pose a risk. In order to reduce, and even prevent workplace accidents, laws have been enacted that apply to every factory, plant and a variety of workplaces.
These laws also oblige to write procedures to regulate safe working practices. The objective of the safety procedures is to safeguard employees and prevent risks.
All employees and managers in the organization are committed to comply with these procedures in order to provide employees with a safe working environment. In addition, the procedures and guidelines should be updated, and employees should undergo training about these procedures.
The safety regulations are not a new matter in Israel, but over the years, new instructions have been added by the Labor Supervisor. Today there are about two hundred laws, regulations and supervisory procedures related to workplace safety.
The safety rules that apply mostly to employees and employers include placing fences around dangerous machines and passages in stairwells and work stations. The procedures also apply to the use of machinery subject to conditions, periodic inspections by a certified inspector, use of safe and proper equipment and marking escape routes in case of an emergency.
Safety procedures have been enacted with the aim of maintaining the health and well-being of the workers. These procedures dictate for example, that space must be maintained in the work spaces, ventilation must be ensured, workers must have accessible water, proper lighting and a first aid kit nearby.
These are some of the requirements concerning the employees. It is the employer's responsibility to comply with safety regulations and provide workers with proper and safe work practices, in accordance with regulations. The employees must follow the rules, attend the periodic trainings, be alert and report risks and hazards.
The safety procedures are written by a Safety Officer, who is proficient in the field and in collaboration with the operations manager and a senior employee in the field, on which the procedure is written.
According to the law in Israel, any workplace with 50 or more employees must employ a safety officer. The safety officer assists the business owner and the management team to conduct themselves safely and to ensure that employees adopt the safety issue and comply with the regulations.
The safety officer is also responsible for detecting safety hazards and reporting to the employer about the existing ones. He must also verify that the regulations and laws applicable to work processes, facilities, equipment and materials are complied with as required. The safety officer has additional duties, such as ensuring that the employees are given up-to-date information and that the training is properly conducted. He must prepare a safety plan and make sure that all the written instructions are met. he is also responsible for examining occupational diseases and workplace accidents, for their future prevention.